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There is evidence that intensive preoperative behavioural smoking cessation interventions increase smoking cessation and reduce postoperative complications.

People who smoke and undergo surgery and anaesthesia have a considerably increased risk of intra- and post-operative complications. There is evidence that preoperative smoking interventions providing behavioural support and offering NRT increase short-term smoking cessation. However, only trials testing more intensive behavioural interventions have shown a reduction in postoperative complications and an increase in long-term cessation.

Thomsen T, Villebro N, Møller AM. Interventions for preoperative smoking cessation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD002294. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002294.pub4.

Myers K, Hajek P, Hinds C, McRobbie H. Stopping smoking shortly before surgery and postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of internal medicine. 2011 Jun 13;171(11):983-9. logo
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