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Cigarette tax increases are one of the most cost-effective method for promoting smoking cessation.

Higher cigarette taxes increase the likelihood of smoking cessation. For example, a 10% increase in cigarette taxes in Russia, Poland, and Ukraine increased the probability of smoking cessation among smokers by 1.6% to 2.3%.
Increases in cigarette taxes are a highly cost-effective cessation strategy because of the relatively large effect on smoking cessation and almost non-existent costs of implementation. The Disease Control Priorities Project, a joint undertaking of World Bank and WHO, puts tobacco taxation among the ten “best health buys” that have proven effective in both developed and developing economies. Globally, a tax increase that would raise the real price of cigarettes by 10% would prompt cessation in about 42 million smokers. Such a price increase would prevent a minimum of 10 million tobacco-related deaths. Tobacco tax increases have been calculated to save a disability-adjusted life year at less than one-tenth of the cost of non-price interventions in low- and middle-income countries.

Ranson MK, Jha P, Chaloupka FJ, Nguyen SN. The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of price increases and other tobacco control policies. In Jha P, Chaloupka FJ, (eds.). Tobacco control in developing countries, 2000; Section V, Chapter 18, pp.427-447.

World Health Organization. Investing in Health Research and Development, Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on Health Research Relating to Future Intervention Options (Document TDR/Gen/96.1.). 1996.

Field K, Thorogood M, Normand C, O’Neill C, Muir J. Strategies for reducing coronary risk factors in primary care: which is most cost effective? BMJ. 1995; 310: 1109-1112.

Laxminarayan R, Ashford L. Using Evidence About “Best Buys” to Advance Global Health. Disease Control Priorities Project, 2008.

Asaria P, Chisholm D, Mathers C, Ezzati M, Beaglehole R. Chronic disease prevention: health effects and financial costs of strategies to reduce salt intake and control tobacco use. Lancet. 2007; 370(9604):2044-53.

Ross H, Kostova D, Stoklosa M, Leon M. The impact of cigarette excise taxes on smoking cessation rates from 1994 to 2010 in Poland, Russia, and Ukraine. Nicotine Tob Res. 2014; 16(Suppl 1): S37-S43. logo
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